San Remo 1920 - Made binding decisions in international law
San Remo 1920 - Made binding decisions in international law
San Remo Conference, (April 19 to 26 1920), an international meeting was held in San Remo, on the Italian Riviera, which decided the future of the territory of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, as one of the defeated Central Powers in the First World War. Attended by the prime ministers of Great Britain, France, and Italy, and representatives from Japan, Greece, and Belgium.
The Conference agreed on the final frame of the peace treaty with Turkey, which was signed at a later time in Sevres, in the August 10, 1920. The Treaty of Sevres the abolition of the Ottoman Empire, and was forced Turkey to renounce all rights to Arabs Asia and North Africa, and provided to Armenia independent, and the Kurdistan Independent, to the Greek presence in eastern Thrace and on the west coast of Anatolia, as well as the Greek control of the Aegean Islands commander of the Dardanelles. Turkey's new national system rejection, have been replaced by the Treaty of Sevres in 1923 under the Lausanne, which demanded the former allies of the Kurdish self-rule and independence of the Armenian treaty but did not recognize, but the limits of the current Turkey.
During the San Remo Conference, it was created states of the old Ottoman state from Syria: in the northern half (Syria and Lebanon) and the Covenant to France, and the southern half (Palestine) to Great Britain. Commissioned governor of Mesopotamia (Iraq) of Great Britain. Under the terms of the mandate, which was considered as an independent Alone but subject to the authority of the Mandate until they reached political maturity. When King Faisal from Damascus opposed the French mandate in Syria, he was expelled by the French army.
It concluded the Anglo-French oil agreement at the San Remo Conference (April 24 to 25), with the provision of share in France by 25 percent of Iraqi oil and the transfer of the favorable oil and which states in return for the inclusion of Mosul in the British Mandate over Iraq. Congress also dealt with some of the Franco-German tensions in the Ruhr Valley relating to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Which refused to allow Germany to increase the size of its army.
San Remo Conference The San Remo Conference is an international meeting the global dimension of the Council of War I, which was held in the Villa Devachan in San Remo, Italy, from April 19 to 26, 1920. It was attended by four major Allied Powers in the First World War, who were representatives of the British Prime Minister (David Lloyd George), France (Alexandre Millerand) and Italy (Francesco Nitti) and the Ambassador of Japan.
The decisions issued in this conference has decided to allocate Category "A" in the League of Nations for the administration to the states of the former Ottoman lands to judge from the Middle East. Left the precise borders to all non-specific land, for "determined by the Allied Powers", it was not finalized until after four years. Conference decisions embodied in the Treaty of Sevres. Turkey also refused to this Treaty, and confirmed the decisions of the Conference with respect to the mandate of Palestine by the League of Nations Council on July 24, 1922.
Historically I've been holding San Remo Conference in a hurry. The meeting prime ministers of Great Britain, France, and Italy, and representatives from Japan, Greece, and Belgium attended. Many of the issues addressed: the peace treaty with Turkey's, and the State University of nation in the Middle East, Germany's obligations under the Versailles peace treaty in 1919, and the position of the allies on Soviet Russia.
Great Britain and France agreed to recognize the interim autonomy for Syria and Mesopotamia, while the US claimed to manage. It consisted of Palestine from the Ottoman administrative districts in the south of Syria. Under international law, the recognition of the independence of the former to be a grave insult to the government of the mother country, which recently announced.
For France, it was the goal of the San Remo decision is Aftrav most of its demands in Syria and internationally recognized, it was for relations with Faisal, who now is subject to the French military and economic considerations. Great Britain was the ability to limit the French work to diminish significantly. France issued an ultimatum intervened militarily in the Battle of Maysalun in June of 1920, and was dismissed Arab government and the removal of King Faisal from Damascus in August 1920. In 1920, Great Britain appointed Herbert Samuel 0.1 Viscount Samuel as High Commissioner put in mandatory Palestine, which remained in power until 1948 the government.
Article 22 of the Covenant has written two months before the signing of a peace treaty, and the territories that came under the system established by the three previous parts of seven property abroad former Germany Ottoman Empire referred to in Part IV, Section I, of the peace treaty. And who ran those areas of 10 provinces out of 15 states.
Decisions He confirmed the decisions of the San Remo Conference allocations to the state of the first Conference of London (February 1920). San Remo Conference of the decision on April 25, 1920 adopted and incorporated the Balfour Declaration in 1917. It is Article 22 of the Charter of the League of Nations was the basic documents on which was built the British Mandate over Palestine. Under the Balfour Declaration, the British government pledged in favor of the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine without prejudice to the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. Britain received the mandate of Palestine and Iraq. France and gained control of Syria, including Lebanon today. Under the agreement, Great Britain and was awarded France conducted 25 percent of the oil production of Mosul and France to deliver oil to the Mediterranean Sea. And it signed a peace agreement with the Turkey Project at the conference, which became the basis of the Treaty of Sevres of 1920. Germany has called for the implementation of military commitments and compensation under the Treaty of Versailles, and the resolution was adopted in good to restore trade with Russia. (Iraq) was created three government mandates for regions: Syria, Lebanon, Mesopotamia and Palestine. In each case, it was appointed one of the Allied Powers for the implementation of the mandate until the land in question.
Summary results of the conference 1-placed Syria and Lebanon under French mandate. 2-Iraq was placed under British Mandate. 3-position of Palestine and Transjordan under British mandate with the commitment to implement the Balfour Declaration.
Anniversary celebrations In 2010, in the town of San Remo replaced the 90 anniversary of the conference with many events organized by the European Coalition for Israel and supporters of the Canadian rights to Israel. The Committee held under the auspices of the President of the city of San Remo Maurizio Zukratwa on the subject of the legal significance of the San Remo for the development of Israel and Jerusalem under international law. Among the participants of the panel Deputy Speaker of the Knesset and Knesset member Danny Danon, the deputy Italian Fiama Nirenstein international legal expert Jacques Gauthier Toronto.
According to Gauthier, the San Remo Conference "it was a crucial key in history," about the ownership issue of Jerusalem, which expressed the feelings that have been at the time of Chaim Weizmann, president of the Zionist Organization and later became the first President of the State of Israel.
In the anniversary celebrations of the 90, Gauthier said that the Jewish claim presented to the world powers in San Remo was and must be the recognition of the people under the law of nations, to be the Jewish historical connection to what was then known as "Palestine" recognized.